“So Ezra the priest brought the Law before the assembly, both men and women and all who could understand what they heard” (8:2). For generations, Israel’s story focused on whether or not their kings were faithful. Now, post-exile, Israel was dependent on the Persians and had no real king. Leaders like Ezra and Nehemiah (priest and governor) realized that rebuilding Israel depended on the whole community following God’s ways. So Ezra read aloud God’s Word and the Levites clearly explained the content to the people (v8).
“And the ears of all the people were attentive to the Book of the Law” (8:3). Leaders are important, but God’s desire is that “all the people” know and love Him.