“But in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for the land” (v4). “Sabbath” in Israel referred to the 7th day, and it also referred to the “rest” God commanded each 7th year. By pausing their work, the people recognized that God was their real Provider, and by resting, Sabbath prevented the people (including servants and foreigners) and the land from being exhausted. Sabbath was always an act of faith, since the people had to trust that they would not go hungry (v20).
“For the land is mine” (v23). God is the true Creator-Owner of our world and everything in it. When we work and rest in partnership with Him, we receive what we need every day.