After much opposition, the wall is finished because of the “help of our God” (6:16). Though the wall was finished, the “people within it were few.” (7:4). A census of the people provided the information to re-populate the city. The various roles needed for the Holy City - priests, Levities, gatekeepers, singers and servants were all found among the people. Wealth was also provided for this new beginning. (vs 68-72).
The new residents of the Jerusalem were those who “came up out of the captivity of those exiles” (7:6). Through all the years of exile and though the work of rebuilding had been opposed, God has kept his promise to preserve His people. God never forgets those who are His.