“You have not lied to men but to God" (v4). Right away, the first church experienced two challenges that face all churches: opposition from outside forces and sin within the church. Ananias and Sapphira were church members who wanted to look radically generous, like those whose lives were truly being transformed by the Spirit. They sold their property and pretended to give “all” the proceeds to the apostles; however, they could not lie to the Holy Spirit (v1-5).
“And great fear came upon the whole church …” (v11). A healthy “fear” or respect for God causes us to live with integrity, knowing that He sees our hearts as well as our actions.