“There is bloodguilt on Saul and on his house, because he put the Gibeonites to death" (v1). King Saul had slaughtered the Gibeonites without just cause, and the crime had never been resolved either spiritually or socially. God declared that the famine in Israel was linked to this unresolved guilt. Tragically, in accordance with the tribal justice of the time, seven of Saul’s sons, as family representatives, were handed over to the Gibeonites for punishment. Only then was the bloodguilt lifted.
“How shall I make atonement?” (v3). Praise God, we do not carry the weight of our own guilt. Jesus, representing the whole human family before the Father, made atonement for us.